Djarfogo, meaning Ilha do Fogo, is one of the ten islands in Cape Verde, and one of the most beautiful. In the beginning it was called São Filipe, but later it would appropriately be called ILHA do FOGO, a very expressive name, given in honor of the imposing and representative Volcano, as its ex-libris and one of the most notable symbols of all Cape Verde.
Fogo island was discovered in the 1640s, the same period as the islands of Santiago and Maio. Of volcanic origin and located west of Santiago, it has a circular shape, with an area of 476 km2, and has the highest point of all the islands of Cape Verde.
The Fogo Island volcano is approx. 2829 meters high with a 8 km diameter caldera in Chã das Caldeiras on the western side, the walls reach 1000 meters, with a 500 meter diameter crater, and a depth of 180 meters; it is the fourth in size relative to the other islands.
It currently has a population of almost 40 thousand inhabitants The Fogo Volcano, is the major tourist attraction Chã das Caldeiras, situated inside the crater of the still active volcano, is a village that provides the visitor with unforgettable memories through the richness of colour tones, contrasting lava landscapes with agricultural plantations that produce the famous fogo wine.
The houses, built from the black volcanic stone, remind us of an almost biblical landscape.
The capital Sao Filipe is candidate for World Heritage, and the narrow paved streets, gardens with trees and flowers and colonial architecture provide the town with a very special charm of its own.
The Sobrados from São Filipe, colonial-style ma¬nor houses, many of them recently transformed in charm hotels are also very interesting.
Should all these attractions be not enough, Fogo is also known as a producer of coffee that is considered by many as one of the best in the world.